Replies to book, "From Darkness towards Light" by Fakhruddin Hebtullah Rajpiplawala (http://www.bsijamat.org)
Bismillah hir Rahman nir Raheem
Bohra Ithna Asheri Shia are formerly 'Alvi Bohras' and not 'Dawoodi Bohras'. One of our friend from UK in his visit to Mumbai saw their office and in curiosity went in to learn more about them, after long waiting and reluctant to discuss why they are airing misinformation by clubbing word "Bohras" with their Ithna Asheri name, it was revealed to him that they are financed by Iran. And with that money power they were able to buy office in posh localities and carrying on their agenda.
Nevertheless, in the book above, the bone of contention are: Objections or misunderstanding by Alwi Bohra Shia’s:
Books availability is lowest.
Twelve Imam hadith in book of Bukhari and others.
Calendar - against quoted 2:189 - celebrating Ramdan, Eid and Hajj.
Bohras have three communities: Dawoodi, Sulaimani and Alwi. Only one sect will go to paradise.
No invitation in general to commoner like done by Ithna, Wahabi and Sunni’s.
Neither sell their books nor allowed others to read their books.
Baraat - Expelled from communities to those who do not follow the dictates of Dai.
After Dai passes - only his elder son succeed him so it is dynastic and no qualification for Dai.
Do not celebrate the birthday of Imam of time the way they do for their Dai.
Not eager for the reappearance of the Imam of time nor pray for it.
The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.) has said that: “After me there shall be 12 successors, who shall be the Imams of the Ummah, my legatees and caliphs of God. All of them shall be from Quraish. The first of whom is Imam Ali bin Abi Talib (a.s.), the second and the third, his two sons, Imam Hasan (a.s.) and Imam Husain (a.s.) and nine Imams from the progeny of Husain (a.s.). The twelfth of whom shall be Imam Mahdi (a.t.f.s.) who shall have a prolonged occultation and he shall appear in the last age by the command of Allah Almighty and rule over the whole world and fill the earth with justice and equity, like it would have been filled with injustice and oppression. His name and agnomen shall be same as my name and agnomen, that is Abul Qasim. When he reappears, he shall take revenge from the murderers of Imam Husain (a.s.).” This tradition clearly shows that till date the reappearance of this Imam has not taken place.
Imamat & Walayat Importance - (Osool a Kafi ther is no chapter on the Walayat!). Ithna quotes Yunus:35, “And we made them Imams to guide by our commands when they were patient, and they were certain of Our communications.” (There is no formal, clear and categorical appointment from Musa Kazim till Hasan Askari. And there is no appointment by Hasan Askari to alleged Mohammed (who previously was known as Ali).
Not recognising the Imam of time is death of jahiliya - (no hujjat, no marriage = not on Sunnat of Prophet).
It is mentioned in Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim that the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) said: The world shall continue to exist till there are my twelve caliphs, and they are the Twelve Imams. - Then on the appearance of 12th Imam on the funeral of Hasan Askari - the world should end - indeed his appearance and disappearance have made no difference.
On page 30 - to give importance of digit twelve he gave e.g. “Ali Khaleefatullah” instead of “Ali waliyullah”! - (I’ll give the 23rd digit maths).
We will answer all points above in as details as possible.
Bohra Ithna Asheri Shia charge (brown text below)- Page# 13 - Religion of the Ismaili Bohras Though Alawi, Dawoodi and Sulaimani Bohras are different communities, their fundamental religious beliefs are same. For example, all of them believe in 21 Imams. All of them follow the Misri (Egyptian) calendar. However, the Dai-e-Mutlaq (Absolute Missionary) is different to each group as are the Mazine Dawat, Mukasim Sahab, Aamil Sahab and Mulla Sahab etc. They do not visit the mosques of others and none of them allow people of other Muslim sects to pray in their mosques. It is also very difficult to attend Majalis there. When we ask them why they follow the Misri calendar we receive only the standard reply, it is so because it started when the Fatimid Imams and caliphs were in power in Egypt and it still continues. While we all know that more than a billion Muslims worldwide act after sighting the new moon, on various religious matters like fasting in the month of Ramadhan, celebrating Eid, and performing Hajj etc. Only 20 to 25 lacs Ismaili Bohras follow the Misri calendar. In the Holy Quran, the 189th verse of Surah Baqarah instructs us about the sighting of the new moon. Answer)
Dozens of verses of Quran categorically states: The cyclical move of sun and moon is fix, not variable. Thus any time measurements (calendar) derived out of above ought to be fix, and non-variable. Quran 2:184 too precisely commands: Fast for FIX number of days in Ramdaan. Quran's stand of moon being moving in fix time period per cycles is endorsed by all modern science. This character has future dates/days predictive value, and likewise it correctly backdates past event with their days. In current time, and in yesteryears till Prophet Mohammad (s) no sects on the chest of earth; never ever were in compliance with Quranic mathematics detailed above, except one; the maslaq of Dawoodi Bohras. In the attached spreadsheet observe the fix cyclical mathematical beauty in Bohras Hijri calendar. Dates are fixed, and every year their respective days are fixed. This character is blatantly absent in each and every sects of Islam, except us Bohras. So only we DB are in compliance with Quranic mathematics, thus only we celebrate Eid, Ramdan, Layalatul Qadr, etc on time and date. The spreadsheet provide data of past twenty five years, so it leave no room for any doubts, to prove only Bohras are bestowed with Quranic mathematics miracles.
While all non-Bohras failingly struggle to determine just first day of new month, Bohra maslaq with grace of Fatimi Imam accurately forecast FIVE months in advance the day of Eid-al-Azha or for that matter hundreds of years in advance or thousands of years in advance any future day/date.
Quran says Moon moves in fix cyclical fashion = everything in calendar is fix and repetitive. 25 years of data above is proof for that.
Further to above table the mathematical genius of Fatimi Imam has given us mumineen below mathematical cyclic relations as well, which is present only and only in Islamic calendar as practiced by Bohras, this characteristic beauty is absent in all non-Bohras calendar:
 Day of Rajab 5th = same day for Layalatul Qadr = same day for Eid-al-Gadeer.
Example) If 5th Rajab is Sunday then Layalatul Qadr and Gadeer Eid too will fall on Sunday in the same year.
 Day of Rajab 6th = Eid-ul-Fitr = 1st of Moharram.
 Day of Moharram 5th or 6th = Same day of 1st Ramdan. (This observation was given by Imam Jaffer Sadik a.s. non-Bohras are deprived of these blessings.)
 3rd/4th Safar = 1st of Ramdan.
 2nd/3rd Rab ul Awwal = 1st of Ramdan.
 7th/8th of Rabi ul Akhir = 1st of Ramdan.
 6th / 7th of Jumadil Ula = 1st of Ramdan.
 4th / 5th of Jumadil Aakhir = 1st of Ramdan.
 3rd / 4th Rajab = 1st of Ramdan.
 1st / 2nd Shaban = 1st of Ramdan.
 7th / 8th Ramdan = 1st of Ramdan.
 5th/6th Shawwal = 1st of Ramdan.
 4th / 5th Zilqad = 1st of Ramdan.
 9th / 10th Zilhijj = 1st of Ramdan.
Excerpts from book "Chaand aur Roza" by Sheikh Al Muqqaddas Hasan Ali Sarangpur Wala (Check note: ^1) Molvi sahib) Accounts (calculation of moon movement, cycles to determine the beginning and end of month = Calendar) has no room in the religion (deen). Sheikh Hasan Ali Sarangpur Wala sahib) Accounts is pristine, pious and intelligent faculty of knowledge. Why will Islam prohibit such pristine faculty of knowledge? And why Islam will prohibits using accounts to determine the beginning and end of a month?
Henceforth, capital "M" will represent Molvi sahib, and HA will represent Hasan Ali sahib. M) All books of traditions (Hadith books) have commanded to cite the moon. Why will one act against them? HA) Those all traditions are meant for time of helplessness. (वह हदीसे सब जरूरत और मजबूरी के लिए है। ) Those traditions are for those who themselves are unable to calculate (accounting of) the cycles/phases of moon and also can't approach to someone who can do such calculations, to such people who are in state of helplessness; Prophet Mohammad s.a.w.w. has given straight and macro situation to cite moon to determine the date. But by using calculation on sure basis one can accurately know the new moon then by searching new moon with eyes is meaningless.
HA) Bukhari says, "Fa izā gumma alaykum fakdiru lahu." Imam Shafai explains this tradition by saying: When you are unable to determine new moon citing then use accounts (calculation) to determine the date. "Fa qadirō be hisaabal manazile." Imam Shafai agreed on using moon-phases calculation to determine the dates.
M) Traditions categorically says to fast only after citing the moon. How can this be challenged? HA) If according to you such is the statement that moon must be cited for keeping fasts then those who use accounting (calendar) for determining the date too cite the moon to make their calculations. It is incorrect to say that those who use calculation do not see moon and starts fasting. (thebohras.com comment: One cannot calculate moon phases/cycles unless one has not seen and observed the moon!!!).
HA) They cite moon by vision of calculation (accounting the moon cycles / phases). It is called 'riwayat i aqaliya' (रिवायत ए अक़लिया), 'aqaliya' means intelligence, it is better than seeking status of moon by eye. In case if sky is unclear due to clouds, dust, rain, or fog it is not possible to spot the new moon. Where else with vision of calculation (calendar) status of moon can be accurately and easily learned at any point of time.
(thebohras.com comments: New moon happens at different points of time. It takes hours and hours [at least 24 hours] for 'molvi' to stare at sky; and not to miss a second where he could spot the crescent - this is cumbersome exercise and drains one's stamina and time, further should the sky be unclear then even with all pains and though new moon being present, still it cannot be spotted!!!)
The tradition quoted in Sahih books endorses both type of visions: citing moon by eyes and by intelligence (calculation) like the analogy where Quran says, "Alam tara kaifa faāla rabbuka be ashabil feel....", meaning: don't they see, don't they understand / know - latter refers to 'riwayat-a-aqaliya' i.e. to understand something with intelligence and accounts).
M)(with little anger) Intelligence cannot interfere in the matters of Shariyat. 'Riwayat-a-aqaliya' cannot be correct.
HA) Very well said. Should intelligence has no interference in Shariyat then why it is imposed not on lunatic but on one who has intelligence to understand the regulations of Shariyat. It is very surprising to enforce the Shariyat rules on only those who have intelligence but later both Shariyat and intelligent-person are separated in two different compartments, this is not possible. Nevertheless, this is not the bone of contention, indeed contention is: Why 'riwayat-a-aqaliya' cannot be correct.
'Riwayat-a-aqaliya' is in all cases and always better than 'riwayat-a-hissiya' (seeking to spot new moon by eyes) because vision of eyes is limited and eyes can be convincingly fooled (like magic tricks), where else same is not applicable on the vision by intelligence (accounting) and indeed latter has wide scope of working.
M) Problems faced in spotting new moon?
HA) As you know geography of all places are different and unclear sky blocks one vision to spot the new moon. After separation from sun, moon is many a times closer to sun in such scenarios most of the time the new moon is not visible that is why new moon is not visible from all the places though for sure basis ('yaqeen' चाँद यकीनि तौर पर तुलु हो चुका होता है।) the new moon has appeared, i.e. why we see Muslims of all places unfortunately have severe differences to start Ramdaan or celebrate Eid, Today is Eid in Lahore but in Delhi it will be tomorrow despite the new moon has happened at both places though due to unclear sky or for other reasons it could not be cited. How and why is it fair and justified that Muslims in Lahore are celebrating Eid where else on same day Muslims in Delhi are observing fast and vice a versa? More shocking (ताज़्ज़ुबखेज़ और हैरतअंगेज़ बात) than above is the event when sometime a same city have two Eid one today and one following day! Those who have intelligence will never accept the condition that on same single day there is Ramdan and Eid as well, only one of two can be correct and other have to wrong, because the new moon has surely occurred but due to its visibility at some place it is spottable and other place it is not, so a fraction celebrate Eid and other observes Ramdaan.
Every year all Muslims have similar recurring problem of citing new moon, meetings are called and debates take place, radio and telegrams are awaited, lot of inconvenience is caused. The Government (public and private business) department too are in quandary when to declare the Eid holiday - Isn't it will be better that we decide the date with the help of calculation (accounting moon cycles = calendar) so all these fighting, unrest and inconvenience can all be eradicated and settled, Muslims will be at complete eased and they ALL will start and end Ramdaan on the same day.
Looking this matter from one another dimension: Why will Prophet s.a.w.w. will leave his followers in state of uncertainty that they do not know which day is day of Ramdaan and which is of Eid?! Prophet Mohammad s.a.w.w. has correctly guided his followers on all matters of Shariyat then how is it possible that he will leave the Muslims in troublesome quandary of fixing the fasting dates?! Yes, this is another matter that Muslims themselves invite self made trouble for themselves and get detoured from the path of Islam.
M) In times of Prophet Mohammad s.a.w.w. was not citing moon was practiced? And was not Prophet Mohammed s.a.w.w. himself use to cite the new moon by eyes?
HA) No. Neither any (authentic) traditions proves this, nor it is intellectually logical. Angel Gibraeel use to visit Prophet Mohammad s.a.w.w. day and night, then why should he look up at sky, cannot he inquire it with Gibraeel?!
On top of it Prophet Mohammad s.a.w.w. astonishing declaration, "I know paths of sky more than you know that on earth." After this declaration how can this be acceptable that he will stare at sky to status moon when he has accurate and complete knowledge on assured (yaqeen) basis on when the new moon will happen and when moon will part away from sun. The dignity of Prophet Mohammad s.a.w.w. is too high, doesn't suit his prowess to saddle himself into inferior task of debating the new moon spotting. When one can now on assured basis the occurrence of new moon then there is no need to exercise to hunt for new moon by eyes.
[thebohras.com says: Everyone in town/village do not go to higher grounds for citing moon. They trust the words of some 'molvi' who cite's the moon and convey status to all. So the point to note is: Even among all non-Bohras community not everybody, indeed except few (1 to 3 or little more person) no one cites the moon with their own eyes.]
The new moon cited by calculation is based on the ground of "surety" and it is everyday's job, there is no room for doubt, not an iota of doubt in this method. It is most desired way to save oneself from all troubles and inaccuracies of citing new moon with eyes. In the era of Prophet s.a.w.w. everyone use to start and end their fast with the fast of Prophet s.a.w.w., meaning those people use to match their fast with Prophet either on Prophet s.a.w.w. order or by copying him. Thus no one use to cite moon in the era of Prophet Mohammad s.a.w.w.
When prophet mohammed started attending holy war, a group of uneducated arabs enquired we observe fast by your fast and celebrate eid by your eid, now as you are going for war please advise how should we conduct our fasting affairs? At this time prophet replied to that group who were unaware of fixing dates by calculation method, a straight and simple rule so he said, "Sight moon to begin your fasting." Though it is a short statement but encompass both type of tradition : hissia and ilmi aqalia as we discussed previously.
[thebohras.com comments: Prophet Mohammad s.a.w.w. is instructing to cite moon at the beginning of month only and not for hunting the day of the Eid al-Fitr. Because once one have begun the fasts, then they have to count 30 (fix number of days).]
From the previous statement of Prophet s.a.w.w. it can be clearly inferred that the reason for making such statement was: Because of his personal absence/leave from Medina.
Should he haven't went for holy war then that group of uneducated arab would not have required to make such enquiry and Prophet s.a.w.w. replied in a manner which their level of inteligence can understand and feel comfortable.
This order of sighting moon is a specific order meant for only such type of uneducated people and it is not a general rule imposed on each and every individual. This contention is endorsed by one another tradition which is in Sahi Bukhari "We are uneducated people do not know and understand the accounting and calculation."
As Prophet Mohammed s.a.w.w. was bestowed with the highest level of knowledge of all faculties including that of astronomy, accounting, calculations, etc that is why he is not the party of this tradition. Explicitly this type of scenario is applicable to only those who are unaware of calculating moon cycles/ phases because it is not possible that muslims throughout history were unaware about the knowledge of accounting and calculation. Hence, in this tradition only those people are targeted /intended who are unaware of calculating moon cycles and who have not received in this context any orders from Prophet Mohammed s.a.w.w. but those who have wisdom to correctly calculate the cycles of moon or those who have received command of prophet they do not need to hunt for citing new moon.
The statement made by those uneducated group is a proof in itself that Prophet Mohammed s.a.w.w. practiced calculation (calendar) to decide dates for beginning and end of Ramadan. Should this not be the case then the statement by uneducated group turns to be irrelevant and meaningless.
If both Mohammad s.a.w.w. and group of the uneducated Arabs have to depend on citing moon then why they said we start and end our ramadan with your ramadan, so there has to be difference between method of practice used by Prophet Mohammed s.a.w.w. and that by the uneducated Arab group.
Notes: (^1) Sheikh Hasan Ali bin Mulla Fida Hussain Sarangpur Wala in 1356 Hijri went to Abbottabad city for delivering Moharram waaz (sermons) he entered into interesting conversation with a Molvi sahib in train, interesting excerpts from it are presented here. Details can be found in book: "Chaand aur Roza" by Sheikh Al Fazil Al Muqqaddas Hasan Ali Sarangpur Wala. Published by: Tanzeem Ishāte Islami Talēm (muntazim: Sheikh Ahmed Ali Raj, Udaipur), Address: 66, Dr. Zakir Hussain Marg, Boharwadi, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India.
Sheikh Ahmed Ali Raj observes:
बिस्मिल्लाह हिर रहमान निर रहीम
शिया इसनाअशरी कि मुस्तनद किताब "मजमउल बहरैन" में नफ़स के माद्दह मे लिखा है, "हुज़ैफ़ा ने मौलाना ज़ाफ़र सादिक (अ) को कहा कि लोग कहते हैं कि रसूलअल्लाह ने शहरे रमज़ान के उनतीस (२९) रोज़े ज़्याद किए बनिसबत तीस (३०) के। आप ने फ़रमाया वह लोग झूठे हैं। आप (रसूलअल्लाह) ने वफ़ात पाए वहां तक तीस रोज़े से कम नहीं किए। जब से अल्लाह ने आसमान ज़मीन पैदा किए तब से आज तक शहर रमज़ान तीस दिन और तीस रात से कम नहीं हुआ, नाकिस नहीं हुआ।"
इस के खिलाफ़ और भी रिवायत आई हैं इसलिए फ़िकाअ में इखतिलाफ़ हुआ। किसी ने नुकसान को (२९ दिन) को ज़ायज़ समझा किसी ने नहीं। जिस फ़िकाअ ने निकसान नहीं माना वह है शैख अल मुफ़ीद के मुताबिक अबू मोहम्मद अल हसनी, अबुल कासिम, शैख अबू अब्दुल्लाह, शैख अबू मोहम्मद हारून वगैरह। हम किताब अल खमाल में लिखा है कि शिया के खास और अहले बसीरत फ़िकाअ ने फ़िर कहा है कि माहे रमज़ान हमेशा-हमेशा तीस दिन से कम नहीं।
इस के खिलाफ़ आम ज़ईफ़ अल अकल शीया ने तकियत वाली रिवायत पर एतमाद करते हुए चाँद को देखने से शहरे रमज़ान को नाकिस मान लिया - यानी उन्तीस (२९) दिन का।
शहरे रमज़ान के कामिल (३० दिन) होने वाली रिवायतें असल यकीन पर मुबय्यन हैं और नाकिस (२९ दिन) मानने वाली रिवायतें गुमान पर।
अल सदूक ने कहला लिखा है कि मुम्किन है कि चाँद पहली रात का छुप जाता है मुखालिफ़ों को नज़र नहीं आता। यह उनके लिए अल्लाह कि तरफ़ से उकुबत है, सज़ा है।
इस बात कि शहादत रज़ीन कि रिवायत से पेश कि है रज़ीन का कौल है कि अबू अबदुल्लाह अलयहिस्सलाम ने फ़रमाया कि जब इमाम हुसैन (अ) के फ़रक मुबारक पर चोट लगी आप घोडे पर से गिर पडे उस वक्त शिम्र मलऊन दूर आता कि आप के सर को कतअ करे उस वक्त बुतनान अरश से मुनादी ने यह निदा दी कि ऐ हेरज़द और इब्ने नबीयीन के बाद गुमराह होने वाली उम्मत - अल्लाह कि तरफ़ से तुमको फ़तर कि रोज़े और फ़तर कि तौफ़ीक नहीं मिलेगी। इस पर अबू अब्दुल्लाह (अ) ने फ़रमाया कि बेशक अल्लाह कि कसम मुखालिफ़ों को तोफ़ीक नहीं मिली नहीं मिलेगी जब तक हुसैन इमाम (अ) का किसास नहीं लिया जाएगा।
इस बयान से साबित हुआ कि इसना अशरी शिया अहले बसीरत फ़िकाअ रिवायत अकलिय हिसाब को हि मान कर शहरे रमज़ान को कामिल (३० दिन) मानते हैं और ज़ईफ़ अल अकल आम लोग चाँद को देख कर नाकिस (२९ दिन) मानते हैं। और शरे मोहम्मदी कि सरिहन मुखालिफ़त करते हैं।
अबू अल दवानिक अब्बास ने सादिक इमाम और आपके शिया को उस रोज़ बुलाया जिस रोज़ को माहे रमज़ान कि पहली तारीख के हिसाब से सब रोज़दार थे सब आ गए तो अब्बास ने खाना मंगवाया सभी ने तकियतन खा लिया इसी तकियत वाली रिवायत को आम ज़ुआफ़ा ने कानून बना लिया और सुन्नीयों कि तरह चाँद पर लग गए और ज़अफ़री इस्माईली मुकद्दस मसलक के म्खालिफ़ हो गए। बेहम्दोलिल्लाह हम दाऊदी बोहरा ज़आफ़री इस्माईली इस्लामी मुकद्दस मसलक से वाबिस्ता हैं। हम हि हक पर साबित हैं।
अज़ीब बात है यह कि अहले सुन्नत और ज़ुआफ़ा इसना अशरी लोग चाँद कि तलाश मोहर्रम, रबीअल अव्वल, माहे रमज़ान माहे शवाल और ज़िलहिज़ इन पाँच महीनों मे हि करते हैं बाकी महीनों मे नहीं - क्यों? जब चाँद देखने पर ही महीना शुरू होता है तो बारह महीने के चाँद को तलाश करना चाहिए। जब चाँद देखने से हि महीने कि इबतिदा होती है तो हर महीने चाँद देख कर तारीख मुकर्र करना चाहिए अला हाज़ा यह लोग बारह महीने का केलेण्डर चाँद देखे बगैर कैसे बनाते हैं! इस हिसाब से वह बारह महीने का केलेण्डर नहीं बना सकते।
The Bohras observes -
Bismillah hir Rahman nir Raheem
1. The blessings (नेअमत) of all festivals and important events like Eid-al-Fitr, Eid al Adha, Layalatul Qadr is only for the true Mumineen of Fatimi Dawat, the ab-original Islam. Proof: All sects agree that it is "haraam" to keep fast (रोज़ा) on the day of "Eid al Fitr". Per NASA, USA reporting of new moon date/time - Only Bohras are in compliance to celebrate the occasions calculated per new moon cited by Nasa. Rest all sects (non-Bohras) keep fasts on the day of Eid-al-Fitr! [for details refer note# 1]
2. NASA, USA latest thirteen years of new moon date with time stamp proves that Dawoodi Bohras is the ONLY sect of Islam who has started Ramdan correctly per phase of new moon. Where else rest all sects have started Ramdan with delay of one or two or three days! [refer note# 1]
3.Over twenty verses of Quran declares that moon moves in fix/pre-determined path/cycle. Other verse says, fast for the fix number of days in Ramdan. [refer note# 2] Hence, (i) Number of days for every month will always be fix. It cannot be 29 days in one year and 30 days in another year, in some part of the world has 29 days Ramdan; neighbouring place to it same time has 30 days of Ramdan! It has to be fixed and not variable.
(ii) First day of every month is pre-known. All festivals/occasions days/dates are pre known, example) Eid al azha, Eid al Fitr, 1st Ramdan, 1st Moharram, etc.
Dawoodi Bohra's is the ONLY maslaq in world to be bestowed with above grace and precisely exhibit above characteristics in their calendar, example our Ramdan in compliance with Quran is always fix number of fasts.
4. Hazrat Abu Bakr in Sahih Bukhari and Mola Ali a.s. in Daimul Islam have quoted/commanded: In Ramdan fast for fix 30 number of fasts. [for reference see note # 3]
5. We do not reject sighting moon to learn the day/date. Prophet, Ali and Imams have used sighting moon to learn day/date, however they sighted moon without error. But common Muslims/humans does lots of errors in sighting moon.
We are cut above the rest because - when term of one teacher gets complete then new term starts; a new teacher come who add on top of knowledge given by previous term teacher. Many non-Mumineens dropped out while studying with Prophet (s), balance progressed to next term teacher Mola Ali a.s….. many non-Mumineens (Ithna Asheri) dropped out from the term whose teacher was Imam Jaffer Sadik a.s. however we Mumineen continued with Imam Sadik a.s. and with his only and rightful successor Molana Imam Ismail a.s. and with his son Molana Imam Mohammad Shakir a.s.
Because mumineen of Fatimi Dawat kept schooling under the teachers appointed by Allah (i.e. Fatimi Imams) our knowledge of Islam grew and progressed to continuous new levels where else non-Mumineen were not bestowed by Allah with rightful knowledge. For starting Ramdan or celebrating Eid al Fitr or Eid al azha or marking 1st Moharram, etc we now need not to worry about sky being cloudy for moon sighting or keeping 24 hours eye wide open on sky to sight if minutely tiny crescent of moon gets visible or not. We are not dependent on Mufti's to give erroneous 'fatwa' about new moon sighting, any common mumin just by looking at calendar can learn anywhere the correct status of date. Hence, calendar is one of the hallmark of might of Bohra maslaq in attaining and possessing higher level of Islamic knowledge.
6. Sahih Muslim and Sahih Bukhari which are considered as the two top most authentic book by non-Mumineens have reported several hadees declaring that number of fasts in Ramdan is fix 30 days. [refer note # 4]
7. Might of Fatimi Imams over NASA and all-non Bohras sects - Everyone in the world agrees about the state of day, example) if today is Friday then every one in world will agree in unison that today is Friday. Approx 20 verses of Quran is declaring moon moves in fix cyclical path = predictive and repetitive character in reference to time taken to move in those fix cyclical path.
Notes: [#1] Quran verses declaring moon moves in fix path: Sura (chapter number) : Verse (aayat number)- 1. 13:2 2. 36:40 3. 30:25 4. 31:29 5. 39:5 6. 21:33 7. 55:5 8. 14:33 9. 36:38 10. 36:39 11. 16:12 12. 10:5 13. 6:76, 77 and 78 14. 7:54 15. 35:13 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - [#2] Sahih Bukhari - volume 3rd, book # 31, hadith # 136: Narated By Abu Bakra : The Prophet said, "The two months of 'Id i.e. Ramadan and Dhul-Hijja, do not decrease."
In all sects of 'Aalam-a-Islam' the number of days in any (hijri/lunar) month can only be either 29 or 30. And neither 28 nor 31.
Now, in context of Ramdan, Hazrat Abu Bakr is dictating that Prophet Mohammed s.a.w.w. said, "do not decrease the month of Ramdan": only two combinations are possible because there can be only 29 number of days or 30.
Scenario I of II) 29 - 1 = 28 = not possible because number of days cannot be 28 in any (hijri) month. Scenario II of II) 30 - 1 = 29 = a month can have minimum 29 number of days. But month with 29 number of days per Hz. Abu Bakr; reported by Bukhari cannot be Ramdan, as per them Prophet Mohammed s.a.w.w. has commanded "do not decrease the month of Ramdan".
Hence proved, the month of Ramdan always-always without exception can only have 30 number of FIX and permanent days count. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
[#3] [I] Sahih Muslim, Book #006, Hadith #2375 "Ibn 'Umar (Allah be pleased with both of them) reported Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The month (of Ramadan) may consist of twenty nine days, and Shu'ba (one of the narrators) (gave a practical demonstration how the Holy prophet (may peace be upon him) explained to them) by unfolding his hands thrice and folding his thumb at the third turn.'Uqba (one of the narrators in this chain of trans- mitters) said: I think that he said that the month consists of thirty days and unfolded his palm three times. "
[II] Sahih Bukhari, Book# 31, Vol 3, hadith #124 Similar hadith is quoted in hadith #134. "If the sky is overcast then regard the month of Ramdaan as of 30 days."
=> When in doubt seek safety = observe fasts for 30 days. Twenty plus verses of Quran says that the path of moon is fix, thus the number of days in every cycle (month) has to be fix. It means that the month of Ramdaan has to have thirty days.
[III] Bukhari, Vol 3, book 32, hadith # 232 - "Prophet said, whoever want to search for night of Qadr should search in the last seven night of Qadr."
Bukhari, Vol 3, book 32, hadith # 234 - "Aisha said, Prophet said, search for the Qadr in the odd nights of the last ten days of Ramdaan."
=> Above two scenario is only possible if the number of days in Ramdaan is fix. But all non-Bohras have un-fix and uncertain number of days in Ramdaan (sometime 29 and sometime 30). Either Bukhari is speaking lies or actions of followers of etc, etc & etc is misguided. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
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