43. SYEDNA ABDE ALI SAIFUDDIN (R. A) (1213-1232/1799-1817)
The great Fatimi Dai Syedna Abdeali Saifuddin (S. A) ascended onto the throne of Dawat in a crucial Juncture of the history of Dawat as well as the history of world. He endeavoured ceaselessly for thee guidance of Moomineen and for the spread of Ilm e Aale Mohammed. He prepared a large number of scholar in Fatmi lore who wrote number of books under his guidance. He built a marvelous Masjid in Surat called Al-Masjid Al- Moazzam and established a great centre of Islami Fatimi learning: Ad-Dars us Saifee. He reorganised the system of Dawat explained more elaborately the Ahkaam of Fiqhe and worked for a Nahzat Jadidah (a new renaissance) in Dawat in Fatimi learning.
In 1214 AH, Syedna Saifuddin (R. A) journeyed to Jamnagar. Government officials and nobles came to see him off. On his way to Jamnagar, when Syedna (R. A) arrived at Bharonch, he was received with great pomp by the Raja of the city who came with elephants, horses, officials and retinue to receive him. He was given the salute of Canon as his welcome. During his journey to Malwa, Syedna Saifuddin (R. A) visited Ujjain. Acivi disturbance occurred between Bohras and Hindus of the city during Moharram days. The authorities being Hinduss acted very unjustly towards Bohras and thus offended the Dai who immediately left the city for Surat. The Maharaja Daulat Rao Scindia was informed about the disturbing event and the departure of Syedna from the city , he became very displeased with Hindu officials of the city. He sought to reconcile with Suedna (R. A) with presents of a palanquin and a morchal.
In 1230 AH, the Bohras of Pune were very disturbed and molested by the Pathans of the city. When Lord Elphinstone, the Governor of Bombay was informed about it, he issue an order to Peswa Baji Rao to take immediate steps for the protection of Bohras from Pathans. The Peshwa, forthwith sent his ministers Trimbuk Rao and Trimbaji Tatya with two regiments to defend Bohras.
During the period of Syedna Abdeali Saifuddin (R. A) more than twelve thousand Moomineen of Khathyawar and Kachh did Hijrat to Surat to the Hazrat of their Dai as they faced severe drought and famine in their native places. Syedna (R. A) looked after them for one year, bore great expenses in this regard. He organized a programme to train them in different crafts. He asked them to work in the craft they learnt. On their return to their native place, he granted them substantial amount of money to start their business. It is narrated that Syedan Saifuddiin (R. A) adviced them to migrate and settled in other countries also. So, during his period, Bohras began to settle in other countries namely, Sind, Cylone, East Africa, ect.
Syedna Abdeali Saifuddin (R. A) ascended onto the throne of Dawat when scientic discoveries and developments were occurring, new politcal and econmic thoughts were gaining grounds. Not only this, technological developments had been started as a result of this the scientific discoveries. Many politcal and econmic changes had occurred due to the news ideas that were given around that period. Three important revolutions namely American, French, and Industrial had taken place. Affects of scientific and technologicall developments, new ideas, and these revolutions were spreading in different parts of the world with the colonization of Asia and Africa by Europeans. Muslim rule in India and other parts of the world was on it's declined. British had got stronghold in India, many areas of it were under their direct rule while on many others they were ruling through local Nawabs and Rajas. The rule of Delhi empire had confined to Delhi.
During the period of Syedna Abdeali Saifuddin (R. A), Napolean advanced into Syria in 1799 and in 1800, he defeated Turks and advanced on Cairo.
In 1803, war erupted between France and Britain and 1804, Napolean proclaimed to be emperor with the support of senat, he advanced to conquer different parts of Europe. In 1805, Mohammmed ali Pasha became the ruler of Egypt. In intellectual field, John Doltan (1766-1844) introduces atomic theory into chemistry. English poet William Wordsworth, German poet Goethe, and French philosopher Immanuel Kant (d 1804) belonged to this period. In 1815, David Ricardo wrote his 'Priciples of Political Economyy and Taxation'.
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