Date of birth: Date of death: Place of burial: Mazoon: Mukasir: Books written in his era:
Syedna Hatim, the Dai of great virtues endeavoured ceaselessly for the culmination of Dawat and guidance of Moomineen. Observing his great virtues, a large number of people from Hamdam and Himyar tribes became his followers. They voluntarily handed over to Syedna the fortress of Kaokaban. Sultan Ali bin Hatim became jealous of Syedna when he observed the culmination of Dawat and inclination of Hamdan to Syedna. He attempted to turn away the people from Syedna by bribing them with huge sum of money. He attacked with his army on the fortress of Kaokaban and laid seige of it. He remained unable to capture the fortress and prepared to retreat, but just at that time, he was informed by a hypocrate about the shortage of provision inside the fortress. Syedna came out of the fortress secretly and went to Hiraz. In Hiraz, a hilly region at the north west of Sana'a, Syedna began to reorganize the affairs of Dawat, guide Moomineen and spread of Fatimi lore. Observing his piety and virtues, many of those diverted from Fatim Dawat to that of Abdul Majid, re-entered into the fold of Fatimi Dawat. Fortresses like Hajar and Hutaib were handed over voluntarily to Syedna by Moomineen who lived in them while numerous other fortresses like Shibam, Lihab, and Himzah were conquered by Syedi Saba ibne Yusouf Al-Ya'aburi. Syedna Hatim adopted Al-Hutaib Al-Mubarak as a center of Dawat and a large number of Moomineen gathered there to seek guidance and knowledge from him. Syedna Hatim compiled numerous books in Fatimi lore and delivered Sabaq to Moomineen. He built a masjid in Zahra and three masjids in Al-Hutaib Al-Mubarak. As a result, Dawat attained it's acme and Moomineen their strength.
During the period of Syedna Hatim, Tauran Shah Ayubi came from Eygpt to capture Yemen. He established his rule over major part of it in 569 AH. Sultan Ali bin Hatim of Sana'a, Banu Mahdi of Zabid, and Banu Zarie of Aden lost the rule. As a result of this, a large number of Moomineen did Hijrat to Hazrat of Syedna. After the return of Tauran shah to Syria, a struggle for power started among his deputies that created anarchy in different parts of Yemen. It remained continue till the arrival of Taghtakin, the brother of Tauran Shah, in 577 AH. During the period of Syedna Hatim, Al-Aazid died in Egypt in 567/1171, and his minister Saladdin Ayubi became the ruler of Egypt. Al-Nasir was Abbasid caliph, Manual, Alexius Comnenus, and Isaac Angalus were Byzantine rulers, Louis VII and his son Philip II Agustus were the Kings of France, Frederick Barbarossa and his son Henry IV were Holy Roman Emperors. During this period Mohammed Ghori defeated Ghaznavids and established his rule in Panjab.
During this period Al-Azhar, the great Masjid and learning center was closed by Saladdin, Darul Hikmat, the largest library cum research center was destroyed and it's books were looted. Not only this men of learning were harassed and killed and their works were burnt. Due to these and some other factors, Islamic civilization began to decline.
As against this, Roman world began to rise as it was translating the works of Muslims and trying to absorb the fruits of Islamic civilisation.
Oxford university was founded in 562/1167 AD and Cambridge university in 597/1200.
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