40. SYEDNA HEBATULLAH AL-MOAYYAD FI DDIN (R.A) (1168- 1193/1756-1780)
During the period of Syedna Moayyad, Mughal rule continued to decline. Their rule had been reduced to Delhi. Marathas became the most powerful in central India. British established themselves in Bengal, Bombay, and Surat. Many small independent and semi-independent states had come into existence under different Rajas and Nawabs.
Maratha leaders respected Moomineen and they were on good terms with British officials of Surat and Bombay. When Syedna Moayyad visited Surat, the commioner of the city Mr. Perez became very cordial to him. He used to visit Syedna and take his advises in different matters. Syedna Moayyad's name was entered in the list of nobles by Bombay government. Then, Mr. Perez was replaced by Mr. George. Due to the backbiting of some jealous enemies, he became hostile to Syedna (R. A) and he had to leave Surat secretly. Syedna came to Bilimora from Surat. The ruler of the city received him respectfully. Syedna (R.A) remained there for some days and presented some gifts to the ruler of the city which he refused to accept. He plead that the only thing he wanted was his Doa.
In Ujjain, some differences cropped up between it's ruler Rama Rao and Syedna Moayyad's brother. Rama Rao tried to humiliate him. Moomineen closed their shops in protest and Syedna (R. A) went to Islampura. Rama Rao repented upon his misdeed and when Syedna (R. A) returned to Ujjain, he came out of the city to receive him.
In 1170-71, Syedna Moayyad (R. A) visited Aurangabad on the request of M. Jivanji Sh. Dawood bhai. He remained there through out the month of Ramazan and performed Ibaadah. People of the town respected him and were influenced by his piety and Ibadaah. Then, the ruler of the city, sorab Jang were told falsehood by Munafiqeen (hypocrates). So he planned to arrest Syedna (R. A). Syedna (R. A) came to know this and overnight he went to Daulatabad. The ruler of Daulatabad pleased by Syedna's arrival, he respected Syedna and presented him Jagir of land. Syedna Moayyad (R. A) built a masjid, houses and shops for Moomineen on this land. Sorab Jang of Aurangabad threatened the ruler of Daulatabad and forced him to hand over him Syedna, but, he paid no attention. to his threat. After some days, Sorab Jang's only son became seriously ill. The son saw in his dream that someone told him to ask his father to beg pardon to Syedna (R. A). Sorab Jang came to Daulatabad with his army to beg pardon to Syedna Moayyad (R. A). He invited Syedna (R. A) to his city, Syedna (R. A) pardoned him and accepted his invitation. The son of Sorab Jang was granted Shifa when he drank the water of Shifa granted by Syedna (R. A). Syedna Hebatullah Al-Moayyad visited Maharaja Holkar and Maharaja Scindia. They venerated Syedna (R. A) and whenever he visited them, they used to seat him on the same masnad with them. They offered him several gifts and Jagirs, and granted freehold in the territory of Malwa, particularly in Ujjain and Islampura. It was declared that no case would be filed against any Bohra without prior permission of Syedna (R. A).6 They granted many noble privileges-social and civil to their Bohra subjects. No outsider was allowed to enter Bohra streets under any circumstance without permission of Syedna (R. A). Farmans through which such privileges were granted by Maharaja Holkar and Maharaja Scindia are still in existence, either on paper or on engraved copper plates. Maharaja Scindia presented a Palkhi and Morchaal to Syedna (R. A).
Syedna Moayyad (R. A) sent pricious gifts to Shah Alam, the Mughal ruler of Delhi. In his reply of thanks, the emperor sent to him a letter of thanks, gifts, and gave cetain previleges to Bohras.7
Syedna Moayyad (R. A) visited many cities and towns where Moomineen lived. He guided to the path of Haq and the way to attain the prosperity of the both worlds. In Ujjain, he established a Bazaar for Moomineen, built a Masjid, and developed a garden.
During the period of Syedna Hebatullah Al-Moayyad Fi Ddin (R. A), Hyderali conquered Kanara and Mysore. In 1774, French king Louis xv died and succeeded by his grandson Louis xvi. In the same year, Abdul Hamid became sultan of Turkey. In 1776, American Congress carried Declaration of Independence and war of independence lasted upto 1783. In 1779, Britain attacked French Senegal as a reaction to French help to the American army. In 1779, British-Marhatta war erupted and lasted upto 1782. In intellectual field, James Watt perfected his steam engine in 1774 which led to industrial revolution in England. In 1776, Adam Smith published his book 'The Weakth of Nations' and laid foundation of the modern economics.
(C) Copyrights 2016-2018 The Bohras. All rights reserved.