SYEDNA ISMAIL BUDRUDDIN (R. A) (1065-1095/1657-1676)
Date of birth: Date of death: Place of burial: Mazoon: Mukasir: Books written in his era:
With the ascendance of Syedna Ismail Budruddin (R.A) onto the throne of Dawat, centre of Dawat was transferred from Ahmedabad to Jamnagar and Kuchh.
Syedna Ismail Budruddin is a descendent of Maulaya Bharmal and Wulaat ul Hind. Maulaya Raja, the great grand father of Syedna Budruddin throw away jewels in order to perform Salat on time. So, Allah granted Jawahir Haqiqiyah in his descendence as there are nine Doat Kiram in his descendence.
Syedna Ismail Budruddin (R. A) performed great Khidmat of Doat Kiram in Ahmedabad. Allah granted him huge wealth as he had a big business. So, he performed Khidmat with his wealth along with his self.
Syedna Ismail Budruddin (R. A) ascended onto the throne of Dawat in a very critical period as Dawat was facing challenges and threats due to the intrigues of Munafiqeen and oppressive rulers. Jamnagar, a remote city from the centre of Gujrat was relatively a safe place to carry out the functions of Dawat. Syedana Ismail Budruddin was on good terms with the Jam of Nagar. Jamnagar was a safer abode for Dawat and Moomineen, but hostilities towards Hudud Fozola and Moomineen remained continue in Ahmedabad. Aurangzeb had became emperor after killing his three brothers and imprisoning his aged and seriously ill father, Shah Jahan.
Syedna Badruddin (R. A) commenced the tradition of 'Safra' for Talabat ul Ilm and spent two lakh Mahmudi on them. He built a Masjid in Jamnagar,2 and spent a large portion of his wealth for the well-being of Moomineen. Therefore, Moomineen remember him as 'Mohta Bawaji Sahib'.
During the period of Syedna Ismail Budruddin (R. A), Aurangzeb killed his brothers and imprisoned his father and became emperor in 1658. In 1659, India suffered with drought and famine and it lasted upto 1661. In 1662, Charles ii of England married with Catherine, the daughter of the king of Portugal, and got Bombay in Dowry and 1668 East India Co obtained the control of Bombay. Ottoman Turks continued their attacks on Eastern Europe, in 1664, they declared war on Holy Roman Empire of Austria and in 1671 on Poland.. During this period, different European kingdoms engaged in fightings among themselves. In 1665, The Great Plague of London began in which thousands of people were killed. In 1667, Shah Abbas of Persia died and he was succeeded by his son Suleman who remained upto 1694. In intellectual fields many developments took place during this period. Robert Hook, Robert Boyle, Isaac Newton, and John Milton belonged to this period. Robert Hook produced balance spring for watch in 1658. Isaac Newton carried out experiments on gravitation and worked on Calculus. In 1667, Milton wrote 'Paradise Lost' and in !671, he wrote 'Paradise Regained'.
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