SYEDNA ABDUL TAYYIB ZAKIUDDIN (R. A) (1085-1101/1676- 1692)
Date of birth: Date of death: Place of burial: Mazoon: Mukasir: Books written in his era:
Syedna Abdul Tayyib Zakiuddin (R. A) endeavoured to guide his followers, the Moomineen to Siraat e Mustaqeem. He visited different cities where Moomineen did live. In 1090 AH, he visited to Ahmedabad on the earnest request of Moomineen. At that time, the deputy of Ahmedabad was Mohammed Amin Khan who was a Shai and very kind to Moomineen. Syedna Zakiuddin lived there for three years. He spread Ilm of Aal e Mohammmed among Moomineen and organized the affairs of Moomineen living there. Then, in 1093 AH, Amin Khan died and Mukhtar Khan was appointed as a deputy in Ahmedabad. Acting in collusion with enemies of Dawat, he tried to arrest Syedna (R. A). Syedna went into seclusion and Mukhtar arrested a large number of Hudud Fozola and Moomineen. They were treated with extreme cruelty in prison. Syedna (R. A) tried for their release but the oppressive ruler was not ready for that. Mukhtar sent them to Aurangzeb who was in Aurangabad where they are detained with severe imprisonment. Many Hudud and Moomineen passed away in the prison. Then on backbiting of some enemies of Dawat, Aurangzeb ordered his deputy on Ahmedabad to destroy the graveyard of Moomineen. He sent ohdis to different cities to arrest Moomineen living there. Moomieen were arrested, looted, and compelled to leave their home towns.
Prior to this, Syedna Zakiuddin secretly went to Jamnagar. There Jam Tamanji provided him refuge. When enemies learnt this they threatened the Jam. His Two sons Lakha and Bhaba were imprisoned to compel him to hand over Syedna (R. A). He refused to do so accepting the imprisonment of his sons. He helped a lot in this difficult time.
During the years of this turmoil, the country suffered with a drought. People went for 'Istisqa' but nothing occured. Observing this condition, some just person suggested to the rulers that how could there be rain if pious people like Bohras were molested. The ruler of Ahmedabad requested Moomineen to go for 'Istisqa'. They went and as a Barakat of their Doa they were blessed with rain. During the period of Syedna Zakiuddin, Roman Catholics were exluded from the both houses of English parliment in 1678. In the same year, Turks began the siege of Vienna. In 1685, Charles ii of England died and succeeded by his brother James who remained upto 1688. In 1687, Sultan Mohammed iv of Turkey was deposed and Suleman iii ascended onto the throne. In 1689, Peter the Great became Czar of Russia.
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